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Reciprocal Influences of Personality and Job Characteristics Across Middle Adulthood

Title: Reciprocal Influences of Personality and Job Characteristics Across Middle Adulthood.
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Name(s): Sutin, Angelina, author
Costa, Paul, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2010
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The present research uses an economically diverse, middle-aged sample to examine the concurrent and longitudinal interplay between personality and occupational experiences. Using the Five-Factor Model of personality and the Demand-Control Model of the occupational environment as guiding frameworks, participants (N=722) reported on their personality, job characteristics, and occupational history; a subset (n=297) made the same ratings approximately 10 years later. Measured concurrently, emotionally stable, extraverted, open, and conscientious participants reported jobs with greater decision-making latitude, whereas disagreeable participants had more physically demanding and dangerous jobs. Longitudinal cross-lagged analyses revealed that personality was associated with changes in decision latitude, hazardous working conditions, and physical demands. None of the job characteristics predicted change in personality at the factor level. Thus, personality shaped occupational experiences, but occupational experiences had minimal impact on personality. Support for the Five-Factor Theory perspective and implications for environmental approaches to personality development are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_mhs-0030 (IID), 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00615.x (DOI)
Keywords: employment, personality disorders, personality, job characteristics, occupational history, neuroticism, extraversion
Uncontrolled subjects: Employment, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Disorders, Personality Inventory
Note: Published in final edited form as: J Pers. 2010 February ; 78(1): 257–288. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00615.x
Citation: Sutin, A. R. and Costa, P. T. (2010), Reciprocal Influences of Personality and Job Characteristics Across Middle Adulthood. Journal of Personality, 78: 257–288. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00615.x
Subject(s): Human behavior
Medical sciences
Mental illness
Personality
Social aspects
Psychiatry
Psychology
Associations, institutions, etc.
Economics
Economics -- Sociological aspects
Work
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00615.x
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_mhs-0030
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of personality.
Issue: 1, 78

Choose the citation style.
Sutin, A., & Costa, P. (2010). Reciprocal Influences of Personality and Job Characteristics Across Middle Adulthood. Journal Of Personality. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00615.x