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Correlates and Phenomenology of First and Third Person Memories

Title: Correlates and Phenomenology of First and Third Person Memories.
Name(s): Sutin, Angelina, author
Robins, Richard W., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2010
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The present research addressed fundamental questions about the visual perspective of autobiographical memories: Are stable personality characteristics associated with visual perspective? Does visual perspective influence the memory's phenomenological qualities? Participants in Study 1 (N=1684) completed individual-difference measures and indicated the perspective from which they generally retrieve memories. Participants in Study 2 (N=706) retrieved a memory from their natural or manipulated perspective, rated its phenomenology, and completed the same individual-difference measures. Dissociation and anxiety were associated with third person retrieval style; the Big Five personality traits were primarily unrelated to perspective. Compared to third person memories, naturally occurring first person memories were higher on Vividness, Coherence, Accessibility, Sensory Detail, Emotional Intensity, and Time Perspective, and lower on Distancing; manipulating perspective eliminated these differences. Visual perspective is associated with clinically relevant constructs and, although associated with the memory's phenomenology, perspective does not shape it.
Identifier: FSU_migr_mhs-0025 (IID), 10.1080/09658211.2010.497765 (DOI)
Keywords: visual perspective, autobiographical memory, personality, phenomenology, dissociation
Uncontrolled subjects: Aging, Anxiety, Dissociative Disorders, Female, Humans, Individuality, Male, Memory, Mental Recall, Personality, Photic Stimulation, Set (Psychology), Visual Perception, Young Adult
Note: Published in final edited form as: Memory. 2010 August ; 18(6): 625–637. doi:10.1080/09658211.2010.497765
Citation: Sutin AR and Robins RW. (2010). Correlates and phenomenology of first and third person memories. Memory, 18(6):625-37.
Subject(s): Human behavior
Medical sciences
Mental illness
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Memory.
Issue: 6, 18

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Sutin, A., & Robins, R. W. (2010). Correlates and Phenomenology of First and Third Person Memories. Memory. Retrieved from