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Personality and Metabolic Syndrome

Title: Personality and Metabolic Syndrome.
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Name(s): Sutin, Angelina, author
Costa, Paul, author
Uda, Manuela, author
Ferrucci, Luigi, author
Schlessinger, David, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2010
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has paralleled the sharp increase in obesity. Given its tremendous physical, emotional, and financial burden, it is of critical importance to identify who is most at risk and the potential points of intervention. Psychological traits, in addition to physiological and social risk factors, may contribute to metabolic syndrome. The objective of the present research is to test whether personality traits are associated with metabolic syndrome in a large community sample. Participants (N = 5,662) from Sardinia, Italy, completed a comprehensive personality questionnaire, the NEO-PI-R, and were assessed on all components of metabolic syndrome (waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose). Logistic regressions were used to predict metabolic syndrome from personality traits, controlling for age, sex, education, and current smoking status. Among adults over age 45 (n = 2,419), Neuroticism and low Agreeableness were associated with metabolic syndrome, whereas high Conscientiousness was protective. Individuals who scored in the top 10% on Conscientiousness were approximately 40% less likely to have metabolic syndrome (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.41-0.92), whereas those who scored in the lowest 10% on Agreeableness were 50% more likely to have it (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.09-2.16). At the facet level, traits related to impulsivity and hostility were the most strongly associated with metabolic syndrome. The present research indicates that those with fewer psychological resources are more vulnerable to metabolic syndrome and suggests a psychological component to other established risk factors.
Identifier: FSU_migr_mhs-0020 (IID), 10.1007/s11357-010-9153-9 (DOI)
Keywords: metabolic syndrome, physical health, personality, impulsivity, hostility
Uncontrolled subjects: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biological Markers, Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, HDL, Hostility, Humans, Impulsive Behavior, Italy, Male, Metabolic Syndrome X, Middle Aged, Obesity, Personality, Personality Inventory, Prevalence, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Triglycerides, Waist Circumference
Note: Originally published in Age (Dordr). 2010 December; 32(4): 513–519. Published online 2010 June 22. doi: 10.1007/s11357-010-9153-9'>http://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11357-010-9153-9">10.1007/s11357-010-9153-9
Citation: Sutin AR, Costa PT Jr, Uda M, Ferrucci L, Schlessinger D, and Terracciano A. (2010). Personality and metabolic syndrome. Age, 32(4):513-9.
Subject(s): Human behavior
Biochemistry
Metabolism
Nutrition
Medical sciences
Mental health
Social psychiatry
Diseases
Metabolism -- Disorders
Personality
Social aspects
Psychiatry
Psychology
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11357-010-9153-9
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_mhs-0020
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Age.
Issue: 4, 32

Choose the citation style.
Sutin, A., Costa, P., Uda, M., Ferrucci, L., Schlessinger, D., & Terracciano, A. (2010). Personality and Metabolic Syndrome. Age. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11357-010-9153-9