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Personality Traits Prospectively Predict Verbal Fluency in a Lifespan Sample

Title: Personality Traits Prospectively Predict Verbal Fluency in a Lifespan Sample.
Name(s): Sutin, Angelina, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Kitner-Triolo, Melissa, author
Uda, Manuela, author
Schlessinger, David, author
Zonderman, Alan, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2011
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In a community-dwelling sample (N = 4,790; age range 14-94), we examined whether personality traits prospectively predicted performance on a verbal fluency task. Open, extraverted, and emotionally stable participants had better verbal fluency. At the facet level, dispositionally happy and self-disciplined participants retrieved more words; those prone to anxiety and depression and those who were deliberative retrieved fewer words. Education moderated the association between conscientiousness and fluency such that participants with lower education performed better on the fluency task if they were also conscientious. Age was not a moderator at the domain level, indicating that the personality-fluency associations were consistent across the life span. A disposition toward emotional vulnerability and being less open, less happy, and undisciplined may be detrimental to cognitive performance.
Identifier: FSU_migr_mhs-0015 (IID), 10.1037/a0024276 (DOI)
Keywords: aging, conscience, educational status, emotions, extraversion, psychology, linear models, neurotic disorders, personality, personality inventory, semantics, temperament, verbal behavior, five-factor model
Uncontrolled subjects: Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Conscience, Educational Status, Emotions, Extraversion (Psychology), Female, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Neurotic Disorders, Personality, Personality Inventory, Prospective Studies, Semantics, Temperament, Verbal Behavior, Young Adult
Note: Published in final edited form as: Psychol'>">Psychol Aging. 2011 December; 26(4): 994–999.
Citation: Sutin AR, Terracciano A, Kitner-Triolo MH, Uda M, Schlessinger D, & Zonderman AB. (2011). Personality traits prospectively predict verbal fluency in a lifespan sample. Psychol Aging, 26(4):994-9.
Subject(s): Cognition
Communicative disorders
Communication -- Social aspects
Mental health
Medical sciences
Social psychiatry
Social aspects
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Psychology and aging.
Issue: 4, 26

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Sutin, A., Terracciano, A., Kitner-Triolo, M., Uda, M., Schlessinger, D., & Zonderman, A. (2011). Personality Traits Prospectively Predict Verbal Fluency in a Lifespan Sample. Psychology And Aging. Retrieved from