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Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of Personality

Title: Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of Personality.
Name(s): Terracciano, Antonio, author
Costa, Paul, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2004
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: AIMS: Investigating the association between personality traits and smoking status using a comprehensive model of personality, the Five-Factor Model (FFM). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. Setting Baltimore, MD, USA. Participants Adult elderly Americans (n = 1638). MEASUREMENTS: A self-administered survey on cigarette smoking and the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R). FINDINGS: Current smokers scored higher than never smokers on neuroticism and lower on agreeableness and conscientiousness; former smokers scored intermediate on these higher-order dimensions. Neuroticism was related to smoking particularly among individuals with low conscientiousness, as indicated by an interaction effect between the two factors. There were no differences on extraversion and openness to experience. At the lower-order facet level, smokers were characterized by inability to resist cravings (high impulsiveness), search for stimulation (high excitement-seeking), lack of perseverance (low self-discipline) and lack of careful consideration of the consequences of their actions (low deliberation). CONCLUSIONS: At the higher-order factor level, this study replicates and extends previous studies using a comprehensive model of personality (FFM). The greater specificity provided by the facet-level analysis appears to explain some of the conflicting results in the literature, and the use of an older sample provides insight especially into the former smokers group. Personality research may lead to a deeper understanding of cigarette smoking and can potentially contribute to policies and programs of smoking prevention and cessation.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0039 (IID), 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00687.x (DOI)
Keywords: Smoking, health risk behavior, personality traits, Five-Factor Model, neuroticism, impulsivity, conscientiousness, interaction effect
Uncontrolled subjects: Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Attitude to Health, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Neurotic Disorders, Personality Assessment, Personality Disorders, Risk-Taking, Smoking
Note: Published in final edited form as:'>"> Addiction. 2004 April; 99(4): 472–481. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00687.x'>">10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00687.x
Citation: Terracciano A, & Costa PT Jr. (2004). Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of personality. Addiction, 99, 472-481.
Subject(s): Behavior
Human behavior
Medical sciences
Mental health
Social psychiatry
Social aspects
Public health
Social sciences
Drug addiction
Substance abuse
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Addiction.
Issue: 4, 99

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Terracciano, A., & Costa, P. (2004). Smoking and the Five-Factor Model of Personality. Addiction. Retrieved from