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Longitudinal Trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey Data

Title: Longitudinal Trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey Data: Results from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
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Name(s): Terracciano, Antonio, author
McCrae, Robert R., author
Costa, Paul, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2006
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: We examined developmental trends in personality traits over a 42-year time period by using data from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging (N = 2,359; individuals aged 17-98), collected from 1958 to 2002. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses revealed cumulative mean-level changes averaging about 0.5 SD across adulthood. Scales related to extraversion showed distinct developmental patterns: General Activity declined from age 60 to 90; Restraint increased; Ascendance peaked around age 60; and Sociability declined slightly. Scales related to neuroticism showed curvilinear declines up to age 70 and increases thereafter. Scales related to agreeableness and openness changed little; Masculinity declined linearly. We found significant individual variability in change. Although intercepts differed, trajectories were similar for men and women. Attrition and death had no effect on slopes. This study highlights the use of lower order traits in providing a more nuanced picture of developmental change.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0031 (IID)
Keywords: HLM, aging, longitudinal study, Five-Factor Model, stability
Uncontrolled subjects: Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory, Questionnaires, Temperament
Note: Published in final edited form as:'>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=16497954"> J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2006 March; 61(2): P108–P116.
Citation: Terracciano A, McCrae RR, & Costa PT Jr. (2006). Longitudinal trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey data: Results from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61B, P108-P116.
Subject(s): Behavior
Psychology
Human behavior
Geriatrics
Medical sciences
Personality
Social aspects
Psychiatry
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0031
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.
Issue: 2, 61

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Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. (2006). Longitudinal Trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey Data: Results from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Journals Of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0031