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Five-Factor Model Personality Profiles of Drug Users

Title: Five-Factor Model Personality Profiles of Drug Users.
Name(s): Terracciano, Antonio, author
Löckenhoff, Corinna, author
Crum, Rosa, author
Bienvenu, O. Joseph, author
Costa, Paul, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2008
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: BACKGROUND: Personality traits are considered risk factors for drug use, and, in turn, the psychoactive substances impact individuals' traits. Furthermore, there is increasing interest in developing treatment approaches that match an individual's personality profile. To advance our knowledge of the role of individual differences in drug use, the present study compares the personality profile of tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin users and non-users using the wide spectrum Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality in a diverse community sample. METHOD: Participants (N = 1,102; mean age = 57) were part of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) program in Baltimore, MD, USA. The sample was drawn from a community with a wide range of socio-economic conditions. Personality traits were assessed with the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R), and psychoactive substance use was assessed with systematic interview. RESULTS: Compared to never smokers, current cigarette smokers score lower on Conscientiousness and higher on Neuroticism. Similar, but more extreme, is the profile of cocaine/heroin users, which score very high on Neuroticism, especially Vulnerability, and very low on Conscientiousness, particularly Competence, Achievement-Striving, and Deliberation. By contrast, marijuana users score high on Openness to Experience, average on Neuroticism, but low on Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. CONCLUSION: In addition to confirming high levels of negative affect and impulsive traits, this study highlights the links between drug use and low Conscientiousness. These links provide insight into the etiology of drug use and have implications for public health interventions.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0027 (IID), 10.1186/1471-244X-8-22 (DOI)
Keywords: substance abuse, cocaine, heroin dependence, marijuana abuse, personality, smoking
Uncontrolled subjects: Baltimore, Cocaine-Related Disorders, Cross-Sectional Studies, Heroin Dependence, Humans, Marijuana Abuse, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Personality, Prevalence, Sample Size, Smoking, Substance-Related Disorders
Note: Originally published in BMC'>">BMC Psychiatry.
Citation: Terracciano A, Loeckenhoff CE, RM Crum, OJ Bienvenu & Costa PT Jr. (2008) Five-Factor Model personality profiles of drug users. BMC Psychiatry, 8:22.
Subject(s): Human behavior
Mental health
Medical sciences
Social aspects
Social sciences
Drug addiction
Substance abuse
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: BMC Psychiatry.
Issue: 8

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Terracciano, A., Löckenhoff, C., Crum, R., Bienvenu, O. J., & Costa, P. (2008). Five-Factor Model Personality Profiles of Drug Users. Bmc Psychiatry. Retrieved from