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Five-Factor Personality Traits and Age Trajectories of Self-Rated Health

Title: Five-Factor Personality Traits and Age Trajectories of Self-Rated Health: The Role of Question Framing.
Name(s): Löckenhoff, Corinna, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Ferrucci, Luigi, author
Costa, Paul, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2012
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: We examined the influence of personality traits on mean levels and age trends in 4 single-item measures of self-rated health: general rating, comparison to age peers, comparison to past health, and expectations for future health. Community-dwelling participants (N = 1,683) completed 7,474 self-rated health assessments over a period of up to 19 years. In hierarchical linear modeling analyses, age-associated declines differed across the 4 health items. Across age groups, high Neuroticism and low Conscientiousness, low Extraversion, and low Openness were associated with worse health ratings, with notable differences across the 4 health items. Furthermore, high Neuroticism predicted steeper declines in health ratings involving temporal comparisons. We consider theoretical implications regarding the mechanisms behind associations among personality traits and self-rated health.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0011 (IID), 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00724.x (DOI)
Keywords: Personality traits, aging, self-rated health, subjective health, hierarchical linear modeling
Uncontrolled subjects: Adult, Aged, Attitude to Health, Consciousness, Extraversion (Psychology), Female, Health Behavior, Health Status, Humans, Introversion (Psychology), Linear Models, Male, Mental Health, Middle Aged, Personality, Personality Inventory, Questionnaires, Self Efficacy
Note: Published in final edited form as:'>"> J Pers. 2012 April; 80(2): 375–401.
Citation: Loeckenhoff CE, Terracciano A, Ferrucci L, & Costa PT Jr. (2012). Five-Factor personality traits and age trajectories of self-rated health: The role of question framing. Journal of Personality, 80, 375-401.
Subject(s): Human behavior
Mental health
Medical sciences
Social aspects
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Journal of Personality.
Issue: 2, 80

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Löckenhoff, C., Terracciano, A., Ferrucci, L., & Costa, P. (2012). Five-Factor Personality Traits and Age Trajectories of Self-Rated Health: The Role of Question Framing. Journal Of Personality. Retrieved from