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Personality Typology in Relation to Muscle Strength

Title: Personality Typology in Relation to Muscle Strength.
Name(s): Tolea, Magdalena, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Milaneschi, Yuri, author
Metter, E. Jeffrey, author
Ferrucci, Luigi, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2012
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity plays a central role in the age-related decline in muscle strength, an important component in the process leading to disability. Personality, a significant determinant of health behaviors including physical activity, could therefore impact muscle strength throughout adulthood and affect the rate of muscle strength decline with aging. Personality typologies combining "high neuroticism" (N ≥ 55), "low extraversion" (E < 45), and "low conscientiousness" (C < 45) have been associated with multiple risky health behaviors but have not been investigated with regards to muscle strength. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate associations between individual and combined typologies consisting of high N, low E, and low C and muscle strength, and whether physical activity and body mass index act as mediators. METHOD: This cross-sectional study includes 1,220 participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. RESULTS: High N was found among 18%, low E among 31%, and low C among 26% of the sample. High levels of N, particularly when combined with either low E or low C, were associated with lower muscle strength compared with having only one or none of these personality types. Facet analyses suggest an important role for the N components of depression and hostility. Physical activity level appears to partly explain some of these associations. CONCLUSION: Findings provide support for the notion that the typological approach to personality may be useful in identifying specific personality types at risk of low muscle strength and offer the possibility for more targeted prevention and intervention programs.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0008 (IID), 10.1007/s12529-011-9166-5 (DOI)
Keywords: extraversion, health behavior, personality, risk-taking, muscle strength, physical activity
Uncontrolled subjects: Adult, Aged, Baltimore, Cross-Sectional Studies, Extraversion (Psychology), Female, Health Behavior, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Muscle Strength, Muscle, Skeletal, Personality, Risk-Taking
Note: Published in final edited form as: Int J Behav Med. 2012 September ; 19(3): 382–390. doi:10.1007/s12529-011-9166-5.
Citation: Tolea M, Terracciano A, Milaneschi Y, Metter EM, & Ferrucci L (2012). Personality typology in relation to muscle strength. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 19, 382-390.
Subject(s): Human behavior
Exercise -- Physiological aspects
Medical sciences
Social aspects
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.
Issue: 3, 19

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Tolea, M., Terracciano, A., Milaneschi, Y., Metter, E. J., & Ferrucci, L. (2012). Personality Typology in Relation to Muscle Strength. International Journal Of Behavioral Medicine. Retrieved from