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Early Childhood Education, Child Development and School Readiness

Title: Early Childhood Education, Child Development and School Readiness: Evidence from Zambia.
Name(s): Zuilkowski, Stephanie, author
Fink, Günther, author
Moucheraud, Corrina, author
Matafwali, Beatrice, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2012
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: While early childhood education has received increasing attention in the developing world in recent years, relatively little evidence is available from sub-Saharan Africa on its effects on child development and subsequent school enrollment. We use a prospective case-control design to evaluate the developmental impact of a community-based early childhood center in an urban area in Zambia. Comparing 40 children attending the center to 40 children not attending the center from the same community, we find that center attendance was associated with significantly better performance in an assessment of task orientation, and was also weakly associated with increased letter familiarity. We also observed higher performance among center students on tests of receptive language and pencil-related fine motor skills. These associations were, however, smaller and not statistically significant. We conducted a follow-up one year after the initial assessment, when children were seven years old and should have been in first grade. At follow-up, 27% of non-attendees were not yet enrolled in primary school, compared to just 11% of center students, suggesting that participation in early education encourages a timely transition into first grade.
Identifier: FSU_migr_edlp_faculty_publications-0005X (IID)
Keywords: early childhood care, school readiness, assessment tools
Note: © University of Johannesburg
Citation: Zuilkowski, S. S., Fink, G., Moucheraud, C., & Matafwali, B. (2012). Early childhood education, child development and school readiness: Evidence from Zambia. South African Journal of Childhood Education, 2(2), 117-136.
Subject(s): Education
Education and state
Public administration
Public policy
Policy sciences
Social policy
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Educational Leadership and Policy Studies Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: South African Journal of Childhood Education.
Issue: 2, 2