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impact of education on sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa

Title: The impact of education on sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: A review of the evidence.
Name(s): Zuilkowski, Stephanie, author
Jukes, Matthew C. H., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2011
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Many studies have attempted to determine the relationship between education and HIV status. However, a complete and causal understanding of this relationship requires analysis of its mediating pathways, focusing on sexual behaviors. We developed a series of hypotheses based on the differential effect of educational attainment on three sexual behaviors. We tested our predictions in a systematic literature review including 65 articles reporting associations between three specific sexual behaviors–sexual initiation, number of partners, and condom use–and educational attainment or school enrollment in sub-Saharan Africa. The patterns of associations varied by behavior. The findings for condom use were particularly convergent; none of the 44 studies using educational attainment as a predictor reviewed found that more educated people were significantly less likely to use condoms. Findings for sexual initiation and number of partners were more complex. The contrast between findings for condom use on the one hand and sexual initiation and number of partners on the other supports predictions based on our theoretical framework.
Identifier: FSU_migr_edlp_faculty_publications-0006 (IID), 10.1080/09540121.2011.630351 (DOI)
Keywords: sub-Saharan Africa, quantitative methods, prevention, social cognition, HIV/AIDS
Note: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in AIDS care, © Taylor & Francis, available online at
Citation: Zuilkowski, S.S. & Jukes, M.C.H. (2012). The impact of education on sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: A review of the evidence. AIDS Care, 24(5), 562-576.
Subject(s): Education
Education and state
Public policy
Social policy
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Educational Leadership and Policy Studies Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV.
Issue: 5, 24