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Does Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Reduce Future Physical Abuse?

Title: Does Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Reduce Future Physical Abuse?: A Meta-analysis.
Name(s): Kennedy, Stephanie, author
Kim, Johnny S., author
Tripodi, Stephen, author
Brown, Samantha, author
Gowdy, Grace, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2014
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English

Objective: To use meta-analytic techniques to evaluating the effectiveness of parent–child interaction therapy (PCIT) at reducing future physical abuse among physically abusive families. Methods: A systematic search identified six eligible studies. Outcomes of interest were physical abuse recurrence, child abuse potential, and parenting stress.

Results: Parents receiving PCIT had significantly fewer physical abuse recurrences and significantly greater reductions on the Parenting Stress Index than parents in comparison groups. Reductions in child abuse potential were nonsignificant, although 95% confidence intervals suggest clinically meaningful treatment effects. The studies examining physical abuse recurrence had a medium treatment effect (g = 0.52), while results from pooled effect size estimates for child abuse potential (g = 0.31) and parenting stress (g = 0.35) were small.

Conclusions: PCIT appears to be effective at reducing physical abuse recurrence and parenting stress for physically abusive families, with the largest treatment effects seen on long-term physical abuse recurrence. Applications to social work practice are discussed.

Identifier: FSU_migr_csw_faculty_publications-0008 (IID), 10.1177/1049731514543024 (DOI)
Keywords: parent–child interaction therapy, child physical abuse, child welfare, meta-analysis
Note: This is the peer-reviewed article as it was accepted for publication. The version of record can be found at'>"> .
Citation: Kennedy, S. C., Kim, J. S., Tripodi, S. J., Brown, S. M., & Gowdy, G. (2014). Does parent-child interaction therapy reduce future physical abuse?: A meta-analysis. Research on Social Work Practice. doi: 10.1177/1049731514543024
Subject(s): Social sciences
Social service
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: College of Social Work Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Research on Social Work Practice.

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Kennedy, S., Kim, J. S., Tripodi, S., Brown, S., & Gowdy, G. (2014). Does Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Reduce Future Physical Abuse?: A Meta-analysis. Research On Social Work Practice. Retrieved from