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Increasing Intensity and Frequency of ENSO and its Impacts to the Southeast U.S.

Title: The Increasing Intensity and Frequency of ENSO and its Impacts to the Southeast U.S.
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Name(s): McNaught, Carlysle, author
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Type of Resource: text
Genre: text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2014
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an important natural climate variation that affects large portions of the world. The changing magnitude and frequency of ENSO reveals that it is getting stronger as measured by the maximum anomaly in sea surface temperature (SST). Principal component analysis of the ENSO is conducted to estimate the spectrum of the SST of the time series. The intensity of the ENSO events during the period 1970—2010 is statistically significantly higher when compared to the period 1930—1970, with a broad spectral peak centered around 4 years. When we compare the SST spectrum for the period 1930—1970 with the spectrum for 1970—2010, we find the latter period to be much stronger in power. The resultant impact of more powerful and frequent ENSO events on the Southeast United States is examined through a spatial and temporal statistical analysis of precipitation and temperatures between the two time periods. Our analysis reveals statistically significant changes in precipitation during El Niño where the rainfall is much more widespread across the Southeast during the 1970—2010 period than the 1930—1970 period. The La Niña rainfall deficit is mainly confined to Florida in the latter period than the former. Finally, the temperature distribution, through an analysis of the first four statistical moments, showed conventional responses to the changes in ENSO precipitation such as an anomalous decrease in maximum temperatures during El Niño and an overall anomalous increase in temperatures during La Niña.
Identifier: FSU_migr_uhm-0356 (IID)
Keywords: ENSO, El-Nino, climate, meteorology, southeast climate, weather, time series, sea-surface temperatures. La-Nina
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation with Honor in the Major.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: March 28, 2014.
Subject(s): Atmospheric physics
Atmospheric sciences
Climate
Longitudinal method
Time-series analysis -- Data processing
Meteorology
Probabilities
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_uhm-0356
Restrictions on Access: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Honors Theses.