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Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Risk for Suicidality

Title: Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Risk for Suicidality: A Test of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide.
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Name(s): Shelton, Tawny, author
Department of Psychology
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2014
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as the infliction of bodily harm in the absence of lethal intent and includes behaviors such has cutting, hitting, or scratching oneself (Nock, 2010). NSSI is prevalent among college populations, with one study reporting that 17% of students have engaged in self-injurious behavior at least once in their lifetime (Whitlock, Eckenrode, & Silverman, 2006). Importantly, research suggests that individuals who engage in NSSI are at an increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (i.e., suicidality; Van Orden, Witte, Cukrowicz, Braithwaite, Selby, & Joiner, 2010), but further research is required to understand why individuals who self-injure are at an increased risk for suicide. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between self-injury and suicidality through the lens of the interpersonal theory of suicide (Joiner, 2005). Patients from a community mental health clinic completing a variety of self-report questionnaires assessing history of self-injury, depression, suicidality, and constructs related to the interpersonal theory (i.e., perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability for suicide). Results indicate that among individuals with a history of self-injurious behaviors, perceived burdensomeness, but not thwarted belongingness was associated with higher levels of suicidality above and beyond the acquired capability for suicide. Overall, results provide some insight into why some (but not all) individuals with NSSI are at risk for suicide.
Identifier: FSU_migr_uhm-0330 (IID)
Keywords: NSSI, suicide, self-injury, suicidality, interpersonal, thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, acquired capability
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation with the Honors in the Major.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2014.
Date of Defense: April 23, 2014.
Subject(s): Clinical psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_uhm-0330
Restrictions on Access: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Honors Theses.

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Shelton, T. (2014). Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Risk for Suicidality: A Test of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_uhm-0330