You are here

Syntactic and Semantic Development in Adolescents' Persuasive Discourse

Title: Syntactic and Semantic Development in Adolescents' Persuasive Discourse.
235 views
173 downloads
Name(s): Ott, Desirae, author
School of Communication Science and Disorders
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2013
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to examine adolescents' use of persuasive language in both oral and written contexts. Previous authors have noted that persuasive discourse is one of the most difficult language genres to master. The development of this skill follows a gradual progression that extends from childhood to adolescence and into adulthood. The following research question guided the present study: How does syntactic and semantic development differ in oral versus written persuasive discourse for adolescents with typical language development? To address this question, 65 students enrolled in the ninth grade with typical language development were recruited from a public high school. Spoken and written persuasive language samples were gathered from the participants, and compared for level of performance on the dependent variables. Language samples were transcribed and analyzed using the SALT software. With modality (oral vs. written) as the independent variable, and two measures of syntax (e.g., clause density, number of complex sentences) and two measures of semantics (e.g., meta-verbs, lexical density) as the dependent variables, analyses included repeated measures ANOVA. Descriptive and inferential statistics are reported. Results indicated levels of syntax and semantics were greater in the written modality than in oral language, for three of the four dependent variables (clause density, # complex sentences, lexical density). Meta-verb use was consistent across modalities. Implications for further research, and clinical practice are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_uhm-0210 (IID)
Keywords: syntactic, semantic, persuasive, meta-verbs, lexical density, clause density
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the School of Communication Science and Disorders in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Honors in the Major.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2013.
Date of Defense: April 8, 2013.
Subject(s): Audiology
Speech
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_uhm-0210
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Honors Theses.

Choose the citation style.
Ott, D. (2013). Syntactic and Semantic Development in Adolescents' Persuasive Discourse. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_uhm-0210