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Power Generation and Nitrogen Removal of Landfill Leachate Using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology

Title: Power Generation and Nitrogen Removal of Landfill Leachate Using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology.
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Name(s): Lee, Yongwoo, author
Chen, Gang, professor directing thesis
Clark, Clayton J., II, committee member
Ahmad, Hafiz, committee member
Huang, Wenrui, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology has been practiced in the treatment of landfill leachate. However, it is a big challenge for the usage of MFCs to treat landfill leachate with high ammonium content. The purpose of this study was to design and test two MFC reactors, i.e., an ammonium oxidation/MFC re- actor and a MFC/Anammox reactor for the treatment of landfill leachate with high ammonium content in terms of power generation and nitrogen removal. Using the ammonium oxidation/MFC reactor, the landfill leachate collected from Leon County Landfill of Northwest Florida generated a power density of 8 mW/m2 together with 92% of nitrogen removal. For the MFC/Anammox reactor, a power density of 12 mW/m2 was achieved with 94% of nitrogen removal. Compared with the ammonium oxidation/MFC reactor, 50% more energy was generated because in the MFC/Anammox Reactor, nitrite served as the electron acceptor; while in the Ammonium Oxidation/MFC reactor, nitrate served as the electron acceptor. In this research, power generation was also found to be directly linked to the microbial species that were involved in organic decomposition, i.e., the greater the microbial concentration, the more power generated.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-8588 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2013.
Date of Defense: November 1, 2013.
Keywords: Ammonium, Anammox, Energy Generation, Landfill Leachate, Microbial Fuel Cell, Nitrogen Removal
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Gang Chen, Professor Directing Thesis; Clayton J. Clark, II, Committee Member; Hafiz Ahmad, Committee Member; Wenrui Huang, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-8588
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Lee, Y. (2013). Power Generation and Nitrogen Removal of Landfill Leachate Using Microbial Fuel Cell Technology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-8588