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"I Have to Know Who I Am"

Title: "I Have to Know Who I Am": An Africana Womanist Analysis of Afro-Brazilian Identity in the Literature of Miriam Alves, Esmeralda Ribeiro and Conceição Evaristo.
Name(s): Gilliam, Doris Waddell, author
Sharpe, Peggy, professor directing dissertation
Erndl, Kathleen, university representative
Poey, Delia, committee member
Galeano, Juan Carlos, committee member
Program in Interdisciplinary Humanities, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2013
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: ABSTRACT This dissertation explores black female identity in the literature of contemporary Afro-Brazilian writers Miriam Alves, Esmeralda Ribeiro, and Conceição Evaristo. The research approaches Alves poem "Estranho Indagar" (1983), Ribeiro's short fiction work "Ogun," and Evaristo's novel Ponciá Vicêncio utilizing Africana Womanist Theory. It situates Afro- Brazilian female writing within a global Africana Womanist paradigm and focuses on two of the theory's eighteen tenets,self-definer and self-namer to explore the concept of black identity in Afro-Brazilian female writing. Chapter One reviews the socio-cultural origins of the challenges of black female identity. It also proposes Africana Womanism as a methodology for examining black female identity in Brazil. Chapter Two surveys literature on twentieth century Brazilian racial ideology, Afro-Brazilian history, and activism, as well as the marginalization of Afro- Brazilian women from Brazilian history and the literary canon. Chapter Three focuses on the mãe preta and mulata stereotypes as the root cause of black female invisibilization, lack of socio-economic progress, and stifling of black female identity. Moreover, it contrasts currently utilized feminist theories and argues for the use of Africana Womanism as an appropriate global perspective for understanding and analyzing the lives of Afro-Brazilian women. Chapter Four applies the Africana Womanist tenets of self-namer and self-definer to the works "Estranho Indagar", "Ogun," and Ponciá Vicêncio to investigate the relationship between self-naming, self-definition and Afro-Brazilian female identity. Chapter Five summarizes the previous chapters, offers findings from the study, and suggests avenues of new research for future Brazilian and Brazilianist scholars.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-7641 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the College of Arts and Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2013.
Date of Defense: March 29, 2013.
Keywords: Africana Womanism, Afro-Brazilian, Afro-Hispanic, Brazilian Writers, Contemporary Afro-Brazilian Female Writing, Contemporary Afro-Brazilian literature
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Peggy Sharpe, Professor Directing Dissertation; Kathleen Erndl, University Representative; Delia Poey, Committee Member; Juan Carlos Galeano, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Humanities
Persistent Link to This Record:
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Host Institution: FSU

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Gilliam, D. W. (2013). "I Have to Know Who I Am": An Africana Womanist Analysis of Afro-Brazilian Identity in the Literature of Miriam Alves, Esmeralda Ribeiro and Conceição Evaristo. Retrieved from