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Spectroscopic Studies of Vanadium and Chromium in Crystalline and Amorphous Silica Matrices

Title: Spectroscopic Studies of Vanadium and Chromium in Crystalline and Amorphous Silica Matrices.
Name(s): Carter, Donald F., author
Stiegman, Albert E., professor directing dissertation
Van Molnar, Stephan, outside committee member
Goldsby, Kenneth A., committee member
Hilinski, Edwin F., committee member
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The sol-gel process is a synthetic approach that can yield silicon dioxide-based inorganic polymer materials of varying densities, pore volumes, and crystallinity. Depending on the initial conditions of the reaction, materials such as high density amorphous glasses called xerogels, intermediate density crystalline powders called zeolites, or low density-high surface area glasses called aerogels can be fabricated. Both the xerogels and the zeolites have been doped with transition metal ions to produce hybrid metal-silica materials that exhibit catalytic properties. The process for synthesizing these hybrid metal-silica materials has been extended to create a novel type of metal doped silica, low density-high surface area aerogel. The results of this investigation elucidate the electronic properties of vanadium and chromium metal centers that reside in amorphous xerogel matrices and in crystalline zeolites. Differences in the metal coordination and electronic structure imposed by the amorphous and crystalline matrices have been quantified. Spectroscopic studies of this nature should help in the development of new and more efficient catalysts for industrial organic synthesis.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-4145 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: April 28, 2003.
Keywords: Spectroscopic Studies, Catalyst, Zeolite, Chromium, Vanadium
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Albert E. Stiegman, Professor Directing Dissertation; Stephan Von Molnar, Outside Committee Member; Kenneth A. Goldsby, Committee Member; Edwin F. Hilinski, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Chemistry
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Owner Institution: FSU

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Carter, D. F. (2004). Spectroscopic Studies of Vanadium and Chromium in Crystalline and Amorphous Silica Matrices. Retrieved from