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Mental Representation Mediation in Expert Golf Putting

Title: Mental Representation Mediation in Expert Golf Putting.
Name(s): Hill, Leonard A., author
Ericsson, K. Anders, professor directing dissertation
Tenenbaum, Gershon, outside committee member
Charness, Neil, committee member
Johnson, J. Franklyn, committee member
Plant, E. Ashby, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The current study is an initial investigation of expert performance theory in golf putting. According to Ericsson and colleagues (Ericsson & Smith, 1991; Ericsson, Krampe & Tesch-Römer, 1993), a performer's mental representations are the primary mediator of performance and the degree of refinement of those representations determine the level of performance in a domain. This study's purpose is to investigate golf putting performance in situations that require representational guidance to analyze, plan and execute putts in various putting situations. Using a screen to block visual access to the putting situation (occluded condition), this study examined expert and novice golfers in various putting situations to determine their ability to perform using only their mental representations to establish direction and distance when putting to targets of different lengths and over different terrain. Results showed that on a level putt from 23 feet, both experts and novices averaged within just over two feet laterally from the target (direction) and overall 3.5 to 5.5 feet from the target. This represents general competence in putting under occluded conditions, though none were trained in this condition. On substantially more difficult occluded putts, all golfers averaged within 10 feet of the target, on targets where they averaged more than 8 feet in the visible condition. Having acquired more refined representations, the experts, on the 23 foot occluded single target, were 35% more accurate than the less skilled golfers, and in the most complex putting situation (multi-breaking 28 foot putt), experts were 37% more accurate. These results support Ericsson and colleagues expert performance theories in mental representation mediation of performance and representational refinement mediation of levels of performance.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-4045 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2007.
Date of Defense: October 1, 2007.
Keywords: Mediation, Deliberate Practice, Motor Control, Problem Analysis, Planning, Mental Representation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: K. Anders Ericsson, Professor Directing Dissertation; Gershon Tenenbaum, Outside Committee Member; Neil Charness, Committee Member; J. Franklyn Johnson, Committee Member; E. Ashby Plant, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Hill, L. A. (2007). Mental Representation Mediation in Expert Golf Putting. Retrieved from