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Effect of Stepping as a Group Music Therapy Intervention on Group Cohesion and Positive Oral Statements of African-American Female Adolescents Attending an Educational Treatment Center

Title: The Effect of Stepping as a Group Music Therapy Intervention on Group Cohesion and Positive Oral Statements of African-American Female Adolescents Attending an Educational Treatment Center.
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Name(s): Horton, Monica M., author
Darrow, Alice-Ann, professor directing thesis
Standley, Jayne M., committee member
Gregory, Diane, committee member
College of Music, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of stepping as a group music therapy intervention on group cohesion and oral statements of female adolescents attending an educational treatment center. Adolescents were identified as being at risk for dropping out of school, engaging in violent and risky sexual behaviors, and developing a psychological disorder. Stepping is described as a series of body percussive movements paired with chanting or singing, and is traditionally performed a cappella. The experimental group (n = 7) and control group (n = 6) were surveyed pre and post intervention on a sociometric survey instrument designed to assess group cohesion. During the eight-week stepping intervention, the experimental group learned a series of step routines which included foot stomping, hand clapping, and body tapping paired with chanting. During the intervention phase, the number of prompted/spontaneous positive and spontaneous negative oral statements was recorded for each session by two trained observers. Results indicated that participation in the stepping intervention significantly increased the step group's degree of group cohesion and the number of positive oral statements made by group members. Results also indicated that there were significantly more prompted positive oral statements than spontaneous positive oral statements. These results suggest that stepping may serve as a useful intervention for promoting the positive social behaviors of adolescent youth.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-3771 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: January 14, 2005.
Keywords: Affirmative Statements, Group Cohesion, Group Music Therapy, Stepping, Adolescents
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Alice-Ann Darrow, Professor Directing Thesis; Jayne M. Standley, Committee Member; Diane Gregory, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Music
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-3771
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Horton, M. M. (2005). The Effect of Stepping as a Group Music Therapy Intervention on Group Cohesion and Positive Oral Statements of African-American Female Adolescents Attending an Educational Treatment Center. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-3771