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Effects of Sensory Cues on Quantity and Quality of Utterances in Conversation Groups with Individuals with Dementia

Title: Effects of Sensory Cues on Quantity and Quality of Utterances in Conversation Groups with Individuals with Dementia.
Name(s): Johnson, Kimberly Ann, author
Bourgeois, Michelle, professor directing dissertation
Vinton, Linda, outside committee member
Goldstein, Howard, committee member
Lasker, Joanne, committee member
School of Communication Science and Disorders, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2003
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Individuals with dementia have language and memory deficits that interfere with their functional abilities, such as conversation skills. A Variety of treatments have been developed to address these deficits during group conversation activities. Interventions that provide various sensory cues (e.g., visual, verbal, tactile) have been found to facilitate conversation groups. The current research attempted to evaluate the effects of auditory plus tactile and auditory plus written conditions on the conversational behavior of five persons with dementia in a group activity using an alternating treatment design. In a listening treatment condition (auditory plus tactile) participants listened to a story read by a staff facilitator while holding an object that was related to the story and answered questions about the story. In the reading treatment condition (auditory plus written), participants took turns reading aloud the story text and then took turns reading aloud questions about the story to elicit conversation. The quantity and quality of utterances for the participants and the facilitator were scored from transcripts of the audiotaped sessions. The results revealed no treatment effects for the quantity and quality of utterances by the participants for either condition. The treatments were subsequently modified to reduce the length and complexity of the story stimuli. With the treatment modification, only one participant demonstrated a clear increase in quantity and quality of utterances after treatment was implemented. Naïve judges' ratings of seven conversational quality indicators corroborated the lack of treatment effects. Baseline sessions were judged to be more comfortable, more clear, having more novel information, more on-topic utterances, more equality of turns, more participant-led discussion, and more participant engagement than either treatment condition. Factors related to the participant characteristics, the treatment protocol, and the physical environment may have contributed to the lack of treatment effects in this study as compared to other more successful conversational interventions.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-3508 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Communication Disorders in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctorate of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2003.
Date of Defense: April 2, 2003.
Keywords: Memory Loss, Dementia Cueing
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Michelle Bourgeois, Professor Directing Dissertation; Linda Vinton, Outside Committee Member; Howard Goldstein, Committee Member; Joanne Lasker, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Communication
Communicative disorders
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Johnson, K. A. (2003). Effects of Sensory Cues on Quantity and Quality of Utterances in Conversation Groups with Individuals with Dementia. Retrieved from