You are here

Facilitation of Automaticity

Title: Facilitation of Automaticity: Sport-Relevant vs. Non-Relevant Secondary Tasks.
Name(s): Land, William Marshall, author
Tenenbaum, Gershon, professor directing thesis
Eklund, Robert, committee member
Eccles, David, committee member
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Recent literature on "choking under pressure" has focused on how pressure situations alter the deployment of cognitive resources – either by drawing attention towards execution, or by drawing attention away. Based on this insight, research has provided evidence that the use of secondary tasks designed to draw attention away from skill execution can be beneficial to performance under pressure. However, the types of secondary tasks employed to control attentional focus in previous studies have rarely been applicable in a real world sports environment. As a result, the present study bridged the gap between theory and practice by examining a practical golf relevant secondary task to prevent pressure induced performance failure. The study examined skilled (n = 20) and novice (n = 24) golfers on a putting task under high- and low-pressure, while carrying out two types of concurrent secondary tasks: a traditional secondary task consisting of random letter generation, and a sport-relevant task consisting of monitoring club head – ball impact. Putting performance was measured via both outcome and process-oriented approaches. Results revealed that both the non-relevant and sport-relevant secondary task prevented choking under pressure in skilled golfers, but also increased motion variability. Novice outcome performance was unaffected by the secondary task constraints, but exhibited lower kinematic variability under secondary task conditions. The study clarifies the underlying mechanisms that determine skill superiority under conditions that vary in attentional demands, while also shedding light on the relationship between attention and kinematic variability.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-3304 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2007.
Date of Defense: July 18, 2007.
Keywords: Skill Acquisition, Paradoxical Performance, Movement Variability, Intervention, Explicit Monitoring
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Gershon Tenenbaum, Professor Directing Thesis; Robert Eklund, Committee Member; David Eccles, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Education
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Land, W. M. (2007). Facilitation of Automaticity: Sport-Relevant vs. Non-Relevant Secondary Tasks. Retrieved from