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Relationship Between Physical Self-Concept, Body Image Dissatisfaction and Competition Anxiety in Female "Aesthetic" and "Non-Aesthetic" Collegiate Athletes

Title: The Relationship Between Physical Self-Concept, Body Image Dissatisfaction and Competition Anxiety in Female "Aesthetic" and "Non-Aesthetic" Collegiate Athletes.
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Name(s): Kelly, Lauren H., author
Pargman, David, professor directing thesis
Tenenbaum, Gershon, committee member
Toole, Tonya, committee member
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of physical self-concept and competitive trait anxiety through the use of body image dissatisfaction in female aesthetic and non-aesthetic athletes. While there was much published research available that was focused upon physical self-concept and competition anxiety, nothing done previously emphasizes the relationship between these variables while taking sport type (aesthetic or non-aesthetic) into account. The present study investigated the predictive qualities of physical self-concept and body image dissatisfaction for competitive trait anxiety in female aesthetic and non-aesthetic athletes. Female athletes from gymnastics and diving represented aesthetic athletes (n=52) and female athletes from swimming, volleyball, basketball, cross country, track, and golf represented non-aesthetic athletes (n=45). All participants competed at Division I universities located in the Southeastern United States and participants completed a survey comprised of three questionnaires that assessed: (1) physical self-concept, (2) body image dissatisfaction, and (3) competitive trait anxiety. Results indicated no significant difference between the sport types regarding physical self-concept and body image dissatisfaction, however, aesthetic athletes reported significantly higher levels of competitive trait anxiety than non-aesthetic athletes. A moderate negative correlation was found among the five subscales of physical self- concept, body image dissatisfaction, and competitive trait anxiety in aesthetic athletes. This indicated that low physical self-concept is associated with high body image dissatisfaction and high competitive trait anxiety in aesthetic athletes. A significant positive correlation between body image dissatisfaction and competitive trait anxiety was found in aesthetic athletes, meaning, a dissatisfied body image is associated with high levels of competitive trait anxiety. Physical self-concept was shown to have stronger causal paths to competitive trait anxiety, as well as body image dissatisfaction in aesthetic athletes than in non-aesthetic athletes. Further research in the area of physical self-concept, body image dissatisfaction, and competitive trait anxiety is needed to understand the explanatory power of the variables. Detailed athlete-specific instruments assessing body image dissatisfaction is recommended.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-3230 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: April 7, 2004.
Keywords: Competition Anxiety, Body Image, Physical Self-Concept
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: David Pargman, Professor Directing Thesis; Gershon Tenenbaum, Committee Member; Tonya Toole, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Educational psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-3230
Owner Institution: FSU

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Kelly, L. H. (2004). The Relationship Between Physical Self-Concept, Body Image Dissatisfaction and Competition Anxiety in Female "Aesthetic" and "Non-Aesthetic" Collegiate Athletes. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-3230