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Relationship Between Mental Toughness, Relaxation Activities, and Sleep in Athletes at Different Skill Levels

Title: The Relationship Between Mental Toughness, Relaxation Activities, and Sleep in Athletes at Different Skill Levels.
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Name(s): Kudlackova, Katerina, author
Eccles, David, professor directing thesis
Tenenbaum, Gershon, committee member
Phillips, Beth, committee member
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2011
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to examine mental toughness, deliberate relaxation (including muscle relaxation, autogenic relaxation, deep breathing, eastern relaxation, stretching, meditation, and imagery), sleep and the relationship between these constructs in athletes at various skill levels. A previous study showed a strong positive correlation between mental toughness and relaxation, one of many psychological skills (Crust & Azadi, 2009). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between mental toughness, engagement in relaxation activities, and the amount of sleep athletes get during a typical current training week. Fifty-five athletes were recruited for each of the following groups: recreational, college, and professional (total n = 165). Participants were asked to complete a Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002) and a Deliberate Relaxation for Sport Survey created for the purpose of the study. The results partially supported the hypothesis as athletes at a higher skill level scored higher on the MTQ48, engaged in more relaxation activities, and got more sleep than athletes at lower skill levels. Future research using experimental design is necessary to examine the relationships in more detail.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2953 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2011.
Date of Defense: March 21, 2011.
Keywords: Relaxation, Skill Level, Sleep, Mental Toughness, Deliberate Practice
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: David Eccles, Professor Directing Thesis; Gershon Tenenbaum, Committee Member; Beth Phillips, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Educational psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2953
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Kudlackova, K. (2011). The Relationship Between Mental Toughness, Relaxation Activities, and Sleep in Athletes at Different Skill Levels. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2953