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How Learning a Mnemonic Structure Influences Attention Demand at Retrieval

Title: How Learning a Mnemonic Structure Influences Attention Demand at Retrieval.
Name(s): Kirk, Elizabeth P., author
Kelley, Colleen, professor directing dissertation
Driscoll, Marcy, outside committee member
Charness, Neil, committee member
Johnson, Frank, committee member
Wagner, Richard, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2003
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The studies reported here suggest that elaborative encoding of a well-learned mnemonic structure facilitates effective retrieval by reducing demand for controlled attention. The literature provides conflicting support for how elaborative encoding will influence controlled attention demand at retrieval. Some research indicates that attention demand increases with elaboration level; other studies suggest that elaborative encodings can be retrieved with minimal demand for controlled resources. To investigate this issue, one group was trained to use mnemonic structures and a control group to make anagram solutions and pleasantness ratings. The mnemonic group recalled significantly more words than controls under both full and divided attention when the mnemonic structure was practiced. The mnemonic group also recognized more words when attention was divided, and was generally faster, although the RT difference was significant only for correct rejections. Dividing attention still significantly reduced RT and accuracy on the continuous reaction time secondary task.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2891 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2003.
Date of Defense: August 20, 2003.
Keywords: Mnemonic, Recall, Retrieval, Memory Devices
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Colleen Kelley, Professor Directing Dissertation; Marcy Driscoll, Outside Committee Member; Neil Charness, Committee Member; Frank Johnson, Committee Member; Richard Wagner, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Kirk, E. P. (2003). How Learning a Mnemonic Structure Influences Attention Demand at Retrieval. Retrieved from