You are here

Cardiovascular and Metabolic Responses to Central Thyrotropin‐Releasing Hormone during Caloric Restriction in Rats

Title: Cardiovascular and Metabolic Responses to Central Thyrotropin‐Releasing Hormone during Caloric Restriction in Rats.
79 views
28 downloads
Name(s): Knight, W. David, author
Overton, J. Michael, professor directing thesis
Freeman, Marc E., outside committee member
Levenson, Cathy W., committee member
Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Science, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Inhibition of hypothalamic TRH neurons is a well-established adaptation to caloric restriction that suppresses pituitary secretion of thyroid hormone, but may also participate in modulation of autonomic function. Central TRH, downstream of leptin signaling in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, is decreased by fasting. We hypothesized that decreased TRH contributes to the bradycardia and decreased thermogenesis seen during caloric restriction (CR). Male Sprague Dawley rats were instrumented with telemetry devices for measurement of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) and a lateral intracerebroventricular (ICV) guide cannula for central infusions. After recovery, rats were given either ad libitum (AD-LIB) or CR treatments for seven days; half of each diet group was then given continuous infusions of TRH (25 nmol/hr) or saline (.25ìL/hr) for seven days. In AD-LIB rats, TRH produced reductions in food intake and slight increases in MAP and HR. The CR rats receiving saline continued to exhibit bradycardia while the TRH rats exhibited significant increase in HR to a magnitude greater than that observed in AD-LIB rats infused with TRH. These data support the hypothesis that TRH is involved in the metabolic and cardiovascular responses to negative energy balance.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2879 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: October 11, 2005.
Keywords: Respiratory Quotient, Oxygen Consumption, Metabolism, Body Weight, Nutrition, Physiology, Homeostasis, Energy Balance, Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Rodent, Rat, Energy Expenditure, Food Intake
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: J. Michael Overton, Professor Directing Thesis; Marc E. Freeman, Outside Committee Member; Cathy W. Levenson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Exercise
Food
Nutrition
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2879
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Knight, W. D. (2005). Cardiovascular and Metabolic Responses to Central Thyrotropin‐Releasing Hormone during Caloric Restriction in Rats. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2879