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Effects of Contextual Constraints on Meaning Selection in the Mental Lexicon

Title: The Effects of Contextual Constraints on Meaning Selection in the Mental Lexicon.
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Name(s): Madden, Carol Joy, author
Zwaan, Rolf A., professor directing thesis
LaPointe, Leonard L., outside committee member
Johnson, Frank, committee member
Foss, Donald J., committee member
Torgesen, Joseph K., committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In this study, three experiments were conducted to investigate how context affects meaning selection during the comprehension of sentences for more skilled and less skilled comprehenders. In all three experiments, a picture was presented that either matched or mismatched an object's shape as implied by the preceding sentence context. The pattern of results across the three experiments showed that after a short delay (750ms) both more skilled and less skilled comprehenders had constrained their representations to the contextually appropriate meaning of the target word from the preceding sentence. However only more skilled comprehenders had constrained their representations to the contextually appropriate meaning of the target word immediately upon hearing it in the context of the sentence, whereas less skilled comprehenders required more processing time before the appropriate meaning was activated. These results are comparable to results obtained using homographs, and suggest that the mental lexicon may be comprised of stored instances of each experience with a word or concept, rather than a single stored meaning.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2806 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: March 29, 2004.
Keywords: Embodied Cognition, Sentence Context, Mental Lexicon, Lexical Access, Perceptual Representations, Comprehension Skill, Language Comprehension
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Rolf A. Zwaan, Professor Directing Thesis; Leonard L. LaPointe, Outside Committee Member; Frank Johnson, Committee Member; Donald J. Foss, Committee Member; Joseph K. Torgesen, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2806
Owner Institution: FSU

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Madden, C. J. (2004). The Effects of Contextual Constraints on Meaning Selection in the Mental Lexicon. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2806