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Utility of the ERA40 Cyclone Phase Space in Trend Diagnosis and North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Reanalysis

Title: The Utility of the ERA40 Cyclone Phase Space in Trend Diagnosis and North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Reanalysis.
Name(s): Manning, Danielle M., author
Hart, Robert, professor directing thesis
Ruscher, Paul, committee member
Reasor, Paul, committee member
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: As understanding of tropical cyclone (TC) evolution both during and beyond the tropical phase improves, forecasting and analysis techniques are adjusted accordingly. While these changes hopefully lead to more accurate forecasts, they introduce inconsistencies into best track datasets. The tropical cyclone reanalysis project was started in an attempt to remove such inconsistencies and biases (Landsea et al. 2004). It is important to understand biases within best track datasets before studies of long term trends can be meaningfully completed. Here, the strengths and limitations of the ECMWF reanalysis data (ERA40; Uppala 2005) are examined within the cyclone phase space (CPS; Hart 2003). This process included using the CPS to quantify biases and evolving trends in North Atlantic TC representation within the ERA40. It is found that TCs are poorly resolved even beyond what is expected given the ERA40's grid size. By binning data into three temporal groups it is found that the introduction of satellite data results in a drastic improvement in the representation of ERA40 TCs. Not surprisingly, TC size seems to have the most profound effect since the ERA40 grid size is 1.125° (Uppala 2005). It is also found that location (specifically longitude) also has a marked effect on TC representation within the ERA40, but it should be noted that location is linked to data density. Despite these inconsistencies, the ERA40 CPS can be used to scrutinize historical structural classification of some TCs, provided that the TCs are represented much better than the mean (usually by more than one standard deviation). Within this study, it is found that some TCs may require refined timing of extratropical transition. Others may need refined structural classification at the beginning or in the middle of their HURDAT tracks. Finally, there are some for which the ERA40 and HURDAT classifications agree throughout the duration of the TC's lifecycle. Within the study, cases from each of these subsets of TCs are presented and three potential additions to the best track dataset are examined. It should be noted that no potential revisions are suggested only when evidence outside of the ERA40 CPS can be obtained since no singular source should be the basis of revisions to the best track dataset.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2750 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Meteorology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2007.
Date of Defense: July 5, 2007.
Keywords: Tropical Cyclone Structure, Climatology
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Robert Hart, Professor Directing Thesis; Paul Ruscher, Committee Member; Paul Reasor, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Meteorology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Manning, D. M. (2007). The Utility of the ERA40 Cyclone Phase Space in Trend Diagnosis and North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Reanalysis. Retrieved from