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Icon of the Madonna Della Clemenza

Title: The Icon of the Madonna Della Clemenza: Patronage, Placement, Purpose.
Name(s): Matos, Michael Anton, author
Hahn, Cynthia, professor directing thesis
Gerson, Paula, committee member
Freiberg, Jack, committee member
Department of Art History, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The medieval Roman icon, known as the Madonna della Clemenza (Santa Maria in Trastevere), is unusual for both its large size and its inclusion of a papal portrait. Debate over the age and patron of the icon has centered on the interpretation of two documents thought to refer to the image. In this thesis, the relevance and accuracy of these documents as a means of dating the icon is questioned, in part following the criticisms of Carlo Bertelli. Stylistic arguments put forth by Bertelli and others are also questioned in favor of the importance of iconographic evidence. In the first chapter, Pope John VII (707-707) is supported as the most logical patron of the icon based upon iconographic details. The most significant point concerns the similarity of Mary's costume to other known commissions by John VII. The iconographic similarity the icon shares with other works is also explored in terms of the icon's meaning. In a break with past scholarship, this thesis argues that the Madonna della Clemenza was commissioned for a papal palace. This idea is supported by a comparison with known palace decoration in Constantinople and Rome that share iconographic similarities with the icon. Finally, the possible meaning of the icon is discussed. Through a close examination of past scholars' interpretations of a political motive for the icon's creation, this paper suggests an alternative theory based upon the function of the icon to stimulate devotion. By connecting the icon's creation to devotional practices in Rome during John's lifetime, it is argued that the icon conflates Byzantine and Roman practices and is an early example of a new, devotional art.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2673 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Art History in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Art.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: October 28, 2004.
Keywords: Pope John VII, Byzantine, Papal Portrait, Queen Mary, Loros, Santa Maria Antiqua, Maria Regina, Devotion, Roman Icons
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Cynthia Hahn, Professor Directing Thesis; Paula Gerson, Committee Member; Jack Freiberg, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Art -- History
Architecture -- History
Archaeology -- History
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Matos, M. A. (2005). The Icon of the Madonna Della Clemenza: Patronage, Placement, Purpose. Retrieved from