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Analysis of Run-off-the-Road Crashes Involving Overcorrection a Study of Fatal Traffic Crashes in Florida in 2000

Title: Analysis of Run-off-the-Road Crashes Involving Overcorrection a Study of Fatal Traffic Crashes in Florida in 2000.
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Name(s): Mishra, Abhishek, author
Spainhour, Lisa K., professor directing thesis
Sobanjo, John, committee member
Ping, W. Vigil, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Overcorrection crashes have long been a concern in crash analysis because the outcomes vary from the vehicle coming to rest after a rollover, to the vehicle passing through the opposite lanes either hitting or without hitting an oncoming vehicle, to rear end and sideswipe impacts. These crashes occur when a vehicle begins drifting off the road one way and the driver oversteers in the opposite direction resulting in a vehicle- vehicle, fixed object, or overturning crash. While analyzing fatal crash data from the year 2000 in the state of Florida, it was found that these crashes represented around 25 % of the total number of run-off-the-road (ROR) crashes. With that intention, this research developed models to identify the factors that influence ROR crashes involving overcorrection. Since the outcome of these models is discrete in nature, logistic regression was identified as the most suitable approach. A set of binary logistic regression models were applied to fatal crash data, which were collected from different sources, primarily traffic homicide reports, for crashes occurring on state roads in Florida. Various results were derived from this study and the conclusions were made accordingly. It was found that female drivers are nearly 1.5 times more likely to overcorrect than males. A straight moving vehicle is less likely to be involved in an overcorrection crash than a vehicle that is moving in any other pattern. It was also found that the presence of rumble strips has a negative impact on overcorrection crashes. The odds ratio and p-value for this variable are 1.731 and 0.053 respectively. The odds ratio indicates that the presence of rumble strip increases the chances of overcorrection. All of these factors were significant at minimum at the 85 percent level. For the overcorrection crashes, an additional statistical model was developed to analyze the factors that led the vehicle to leave the paved shoulder prior to overcorrection. These factors are found to be driver sex, age, vehicle movement, vehicle type, speeding, annual daily traffic and presence of rumble strips. Based of the results of this study, recommendations were made suggesting various countermeasures, both behavioral and roadway related, to minimize the occurrence of overcorrection crashes.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2391 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: August 2, 2006.
Keywords: Logistic Regression, Run-Off-The-Road, Overcorrection
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Lisa K. Spainhour, Professor Directing Thesis; John Sobanjo, Committee Member; W. Vigil Ping, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2391
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Mishra, A. (2006). Analysis of Run-off-the-Road Crashes Involving Overcorrection a Study of Fatal Traffic Crashes in Florida in 2000. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2391