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Characterization of Soil Organic Matter by High-Resolution Solid-State Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Title: Characterization of Soil Organic Matter by High-Resolution Solid-State Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
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Name(s): Schilling, Michael, author
Cooper, William T., professor directing dissertation
Dittmar, Thorsten, outside committee member
Dorsey, John G., committee member
Steinbock, Oliver, committee member
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Solid-state carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has come to be considered the pre-eminent analytical technique for the study of soil organic matter in its entirety. Despite its widespread use, carbon-13 CP-MAS NMR of soils, especially mineral soils, has been hindered by low carbon content, and in many cases, by the presence of paramagnetic species such as iron. Chemical treatment methods, which must not severely compromise the chemistry of the original soil organic matter, have been developed to remedy these problems. However, the effects of these treatments on soils have only been examined in a qualitative fashion on a limited number of soil types. Therefore, the effectiveness of commonly employed treatment agents in the removal of paramagnetics from mineral soils was examined, along with the resulting quantitative reliability of the NMR spectra and spin dynamics of these soils, both of which provide organic matter structural information. Major differences in functional group distributions were found in certain treatment method/soil type combinations as well as discrepancies in sample spin dynamics. Carbon-13 CP-MAS NMR spectroscopy also is an excellent analytical technique to probe the metal binding properties of soil organic matter. This advantage is due to the tendency of paramagnetic cations to enhance NMR relaxation phenomena at the molecular sites in which they are present. Metal-humate interactions were investigated using paramagnetic doping of unmodified and chemically modified peat to follow changes in sample spin dynamics. Such an approach allowed for the functionalities involved in metal binding to be discerned. Carboxyl and as well as O-alkyl functionalities were found to be the predominant sites involved in metal binding, and to a lesser extent phenol-type sites. Possible evidence for structural conformational changes in soil organic matter resulting from the blockage of particular sites was shown.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2016 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: July 14, 2004.
Keywords: NMR Relaxation Rates, Proton Spin Lattice Relaxation Editing, Mineral Soils, Copper Binding, Soil Organic Matter, Cross Polarization Magic Angle Spinning Carbon-13
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: William T. Cooper, Professor Directing Dissertation; Thorsten Dittmar, Outside Committee Member; John G. Dorsey, Committee Member; Oliver Steinbock, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Chemistry
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2016
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Host Institution: FSU

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Schilling, M. (2004). Characterization of Soil Organic Matter by High-Resolution Solid-State Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2016