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Validation of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) in Treatment-Seeking Substance Abusers Using Cue Reactivity Methodology

Title: Validation of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) in Treatment-Seeking Substance Abusers Using Cue Reactivity Methodology.
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Name(s): Schlauch, Robert C. (Robert Charles), 1980-, author
Lang, Alan R., professor directing dissertation
Randolph, Karen A., university representative
Maner, Jon K., committee member
Schmidt, N. Brad, committee member
Taylor, Jeanette, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2010
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The current project sought to examine a typology for classifying substance abusers based on personality dimensions (introversion-hopelessness, anxiety sensitivity, impulsivity, and sensation seeking) that differentially predicts substance use preferences and patterns by matching primary personality-based motives for use to the specific effects of various psychoactive substances. Specifically, we sought to validate the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS), a brief self-report measure designed to assess the relevant personality dimensions, in a treatment-seeking clinical sample using cue reactivity methodology to assess current inclinations to consume or to avoid consuming a wide range of psychoactive substances. Using confirmatory factor analysis and correlational analyses, the SURPS demonstrated good psychometric properties and construct validity. Further, impulsivity and sensation-seeking were associated with use of multiple substances but could be differentiated by motives for use and susceptibility to the reinforcing effects of stimulants (i.e., impulsivity) and alcohol (i.e. sensation-seeking). In contrast, IH and AS demonstrated a pattern of use more focused on reducing negative affect, but were not differentiated based on specific patterns of use. Taken together, results suggests that among treatment seeking substance abusers, the SURPS is a valid instrument for measuring four distinct personality dimensions that may be sensitive to motivational susceptibilities to specific patterns of alcohol and drug use.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-2012 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2010.
Date of Defense: June 15, 2010.
Keywords: Personality, Substance Use, Cue Reactivity, Craving, SURPS
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Alan R. Lang, Professor Directing Dissertation; Karen A. Randolph, University Representative; Jon K. Maner, Committee Member; N. Brad Schmidt, Committee Member; Jeanette Taylor, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2012
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Schlauch, R. C. (R. C. ). (2010). Validation of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) in Treatment-Seeking Substance Abusers Using Cue Reactivity Methodology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-2012