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Comparing Main and Collateral Effects of Extinction and Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior

Title: Comparing Main and Collateral Effects of Extinction and Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior.
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Name(s): Petscher, Erin Seligson, author
Bailey, Jon S., professor directing dissertation
Thyer, Bruce, outside committee member
Licht, Barbara, committee member
Licht, Mark, committee member
Welsh, Thomas, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Both extinction (EXT) and differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) have been used frequently to reduce problem behaviors. The benefits of these interventions have been established yet may be outweighed by the reported negative side effects that result. However, these collateral effects have rarely been measured or reported. This study evaluated the effects and collateral effects of these interventions with inappropriate vocalizations and work refusal. With the four participants whose target behavior was inappropriate vocalizations, DRA produced the most rapid reductions in behavior. For the fifth participant, whose target behavior was work refusal, EXT yielded the quickest reduction. Other behaviors were measured for changes, and showed that the desirable collateral effect of academic engagement tended to be higher during EXT than DRA. No evidence of extinction bursts was present with any participant, although extinction-induced aggression occurred with one participant.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1976 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctorate of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: June 23, 2006.
Keywords: Side Effects, Aggression, Behavior Analysis, Extinction, Differential Reinforcement, Collateral Effects
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Jon S. Bailey, Professor Directing Dissertation; Bruce Thyer, Outside Committee Member; Barbara Licht, Committee Member; Mark Licht, Committee Member; Thomas Welsh, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1976
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Petscher, E. S. (2006). Comparing Main and Collateral Effects of Extinction and Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1976