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Prediction of Comorbid Alcohol Use Disorders Using Factors Derived from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale in an Inpatient Psychiatric Hospital

Title: Prediction of Comorbid Alcohol Use Disorders Using Factors Derived from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale in an Inpatient Psychiatric Hospital.
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Name(s): Reardon, Maureen Lyons, author
Lang, Alan R., professor directing dissertation
Orcutt, James, outside committee member
Joiner, Thomas, committee member
Stephan, Friedrich, committee member
Taylor, Jeanette, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The present study examined the relationship of schizophrenia-related cognitive deficits and comorbid alcohol use disorders (AUD) among inpatients with psychotic disorders. Relevant research has implicated the role of cognitive impairment in the development of AUD in general population and other psychiatric samples, and preliminary evidence lends credibility to associations between the positive (hallucinations, delusions) and negative (flat affect, lack of motivation) symptoms of schizophrenia and variations in cognitive deficits. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that any increased likelihood of AUD as a function of positive and negative symptomatology would be better accounted for by systematic variations in cognitive functions as they generally relate to the development of AUD. To test this association, a Principal Components Analysis was applied to the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS; Kay, Fiszbein, & Opler, 1987) using data collected from a large sample of inpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The resultant five component solution included the key Positive (POS), Negative (NEG) and Cognitive (COG) components needed to test the predicted mediation by COG on the relationship between AUD and POS/NEG. Next, interview and archival data pertaining to AUD were collected from 132 (23 female) randomly selected inpatient volunteers, with chart-ratings of AUD serving as the dependent measure in a planned logistic regression analysis. Although support for the primary prediction was not obtained, intriguing post-hoc analyses revealed a significant POS by COG interaction [Chi-Square(1) = 5.94, p
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1923 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: April 27, 2004.
Keywords: PANSS, Cognitive, Psychotic, Substance, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Alan R. Lang, Professor Directing Dissertation; James Orcutt, Outside Committee Member; Thomas Joiner, Committee Member; Friedrich Stephan, Committee Member; Jeanette Taylor, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1923
Owner Institution: FSU

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Reardon, M. L. (2004). Prediction of Comorbid Alcohol Use Disorders Using Factors Derived from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale in an Inpatient Psychiatric Hospital. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1923