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Communicative Acts of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Second Year of Life

Title: Communicative Acts of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Second Year of Life.
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Name(s): Shumway, Stacy, author
Wetherby, Amy, professor directing dissertation
Schatschneider, Chris, outside committee member
Goldstein, Howard, committee member
Woods, Juliann, committee member
School of Communication, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Impairments in social communication are among the earliest indicators of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, due to the age of usual diagnosis, relatively little is known about the communicative profiles of children with ASD younger than 2 years of age. The purpose of this study was to examine the communicative acts of 50 children between 18 and 24 months of age who were later diagnosed with ASD, compared to children with developmental delays (DD, n=23) in whom ASD was ruled out and children with typical development (TD, n=50). Precise measures of rate, functions, and means of communication were obtained through systematic observation of videotaped behavior samples from the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile (Wetherby & Prizant, 2002). Children with ASD communicated at a significantly lower rate than children with DD and TD; however, differences in rate varied based on communicative function, with the ASD group communicating at a lower rate for behavior regulation and joint attention than children with TD, and a lower rate on joint attention compared to children with DD. Children with ASD who did communicate for joint attention were as likely as other children to coordinate means of communication, including vocalizations, eye gaze, and gestures. In addition, the ASD group used a significantly lower rate of total communicative gestures than the DD and TD groups, along with a lower rate and proportion of deictic gestures and a reliance on more primitive gestures. Profile analyses of communicative acts and gestures revealed that children with ASD exhibited a unique profile of communication across communicative functions and gestures. Overall, the results of this study indicated that by 18 to 24 months of age, children with ASD showed a unique profile of communication, with core deficits in communication rate, joint attention, and communicative gestures. This study will contribute to understanding the ontogeny of communication in children with ASD and aid in early detection.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1741 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Communication Disorders in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: June 26, 2006.
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorders, early identification, social communication, toddlers
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Amy Wetherby, Professor Directing Dissertation; Chris Schatschneider, Outside Committee Member; Howard Goldstein, Committee Member; Juliann Woods, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Communication
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1741
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Shumway, S. (2006). Communicative Acts of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Second Year of Life. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1741