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Simulation Analysis of Truck Restricted and HOV Lanes

Title: Simulation Analysis of Truck Restricted and HOV Lanes.
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Name(s): Siuhi, Saidi, author
Mussa, Renatus N., professor directing thesis
Sobanjo, John O., committee member
Ping, Wei-Chou V., committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Numerous studies have reported the efficacy of high occupancy vehicles (HOV) lane restriction and truck lane restriction implemented independently but the simultaneous use of both restrictions on an urban freeway corridor raises interesting questions related to the operational and safety implications of various confluence factors. This research study analyzed the operational and safety experience of an 83-mile corridor of Interstate 95 in South Florida that has both HOV and truck lane restrictions implemented individually and in combination. The results of a field-validated VISSIM simulation model emulating the current policy of restricting trucks from using the leftmost lane(s) in this corridor showed that high occupancy vehicles and automobiles gained significantly more travel time savings and speeds on the restricted lanes than on the general lanes. Also, vehicle queue lengths around critical merging and diverging areas increased significantly as the percentage of trucks increased imposing severe disruption on freeway traffic flow and vehicle backups spilling into the major intersecting arterial streets. The results indicated that during peak traffic conditions right lanes had high lane occupancy than left lanes whereas during off peak traffic conditions center lanes carried more vehicles per lane than the outermost lanes suggesting that congestion forces automobiles to use the left lanes. Furthermore, the results showed that the majority of lane changes occurred during peak traffic flow conditions—about twice that of off-peak—and appreciable speed differences existed between restricted and non-restricted lanes. The simulation results for off-peak traffic conditions did not show appreciable changes in traffic operating characteristics resulting from lane restriction strategies. Furthermore, simulation results showed that restricting trucks from using either center lane or the rightmost lane in lieu of the current policy of restricting trucks from using the leftmost lane(s) aggravate operational efficiency and safety. Based on these results, it can fairly be concluded that significant operational and safety benefits of combined implementation of HOV and truck lane restrictions on urban freeways accrue during congested traffic conditions rather than uncongested conditions when trucks are restricted from the leftmost lane(s).
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1693 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: November 06, 2006.
Keywords: Truck Lane restriction, HOV lane, VISIM Simulation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Renatus N. Mussa, Professor Directing Thesis; John O. Sobanjo, Committee Member; Wei-Chou V. Ping, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1693
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Siuhi, S. (2006). Simulation Analysis of Truck Restricted and HOV Lanes. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1693