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Reducing Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Concentrations at Wastewater Collection Systems and Treatment Facilities Using Chemical Oxidation

Title: Reducing Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Concentrations at Wastewater Collection Systems and Treatment Facilities Using Chemical Oxidation.
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Name(s): Thomas, Dornelle S., author
Hilton, Amy Chan, professor directing thesis
Chen, Gang, committee member
Abichou, Tarek, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2007
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Wastewater collection systems and treatment facilities are known for emitting offensive odors that cause neighboring residents to complain. One of the main odor compound contributors is hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Presently, H2S removal from wastewater facilities is mainly being accomplished by biological means relying heavily on the use of microorganisms. However, the use of microorganisms requires a more consistent and stable environment. In the absence of the previously stated conditions, the removal of H2S has to be carried out by other means. Therefore, an alternative for wastewaters with unstable characteristics requiring minimal maintenance/human involvement is preferred to deal with H2S emissions. This study investigated the effectiveness of chemical oxidation by employing three oxidants, 50% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), 12% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 5% potassium permanganate (KMnO4) at mitigating H2S aqueous and gas concentrations at wastewater collection systems and treatment facilities. The chemicals were supplied to the systems throughout four distinct testing phases using peristaltic pumps. H2S(g) levels were obtained using a Jerome Meter (860 model) while the dissolved sulfide concentrations were measured using a LaMotte Sulfide Test Kit. This study found that of the three chemicals chosen, H2O2 is most effective and efficient at removing H2S from wastewater collection and treatment facilities. However, throughout this study, H2S(g) removal efficiencies were affected by the physical conditions at the testing facilities. Therefore, after taking the corrective action needed to improve facility conditions, further investigation is required to appropriately evaluate the use of H2O2 at odor mitigation.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1580 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2007.
Date of Defense: April 30, 2007.
Keywords: Naocl, Kmno4, H2O2, Wastewater Collection Systems, Anaerobic Digestion, H2S, Wastewater Treatment
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Amy Chan Hilton, Professor Directing Thesis; Gang Chen, Committee Member; Tarek Abichou, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1580
Owner Institution: FSU

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Thomas, D. S. (2007). Reducing Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Concentrations at Wastewater Collection Systems and Treatment Facilities Using Chemical Oxidation. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1580