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Circadian Vulnerability for Depression

Title: A Circadian Vulnerability for Depression: Eveningness and Sleep Variability.
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Name(s): Bernert, Rebecca A., author
Joiner, Thomas, professor directing thesis
Kistner, Janet, committee member
Johnson, Frank, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Circadian rhythms describe behavioral and biological variables that demonstrate a periodicity of approximately 24 hours. Although such rhythms show consistent 24-hour patterns, differences exist in the timing of circadian phase position. Extreme diurnal preferences are referred to as eveningness and morningness. Despite a growing interest in the study of circadian rhythm abnormalities and psychopathology, diurnal preferences have been relatively understudied in depression. The present study examined these preferences in a sample of 82 college undergraduates. Due to a presumed desynchrony between sleep and circadian preference, evening types were hypothesized to show increased sleep variability and the highest levels of depressive symptoms. Sleep variability was expected to mediate the link between eveningness and depressive symptoms. Results first revealed that diurnal preferences did not significantly predict depressive symptoms, although this association emerged as a nonsignificant trend (p = .08). Next, diurnal preferences significantly predicted sleep variability (p = .03). Sleep variability did not uniquely predict depressive symptoms, although this link also emerged as a non significant trend (p = .05). Finally, a mediation model was not supported at the p < .05 level (p = .15).
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1370 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: July 20, 2005.
Keywords: Diurnal Preferences, Mood Disturbances, Sleep Rhythms
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Thomas Joiner, Professor Directing Thesis; Janet Kistner, Committee Member; Frank Johnson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1370
Owner Institution: FSU

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Bernert, R. A. (2005). A Circadian Vulnerability for Depression: Eveningness and Sleep Variability. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-1370