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Assessment of Children's Response Styles

Title: Assessment of Children's Response Styles: An Examination of Sex Differences, Stress Interactions, and Depressive Symptoms.
Name(s): Lopez, Cristina M., author
Kistner, Janet, professor directing thesis
Joiner, Thomas, committee member
Schatschneider, Chris, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study evaluated a vignette style measure (CRISES) of children's response styles to sadness. It looked at the relationship between rumination and depression in children and tested Nolen-Hoeksema's response styles theory of depression, which was partly developed to explain the emergence of sex differences in depression in adolescence. The theory posits that sex differences in response styles precede sex differences in depression that emerge in adolescence. Adolescent stressors were also hypothesized to interact with rumination to predict changes in depression. With use of the CRISES measure, the positive correlation between rumination and distraction observed in previous studies examining young populations disappeared. More importantly, the CRISES was able to demonstrate the cross-situation consistency of response styles in a sample of children. Although no sex differences were found, response styles theory can be useful in explaining individual differences in symptoms of depression as levels of rumination and distraction were concurrently associated in the predicted directions with scores on the CDI. Furthermore, an interaction of stress and distraction demonstrated the protective influence of distraction from depressive symptomatology in the face of changes in stress.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1061 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: August 18, 2006.
Keywords: Rumination To Sadness, Measurement, Response Styles Theory
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Janet Kistner, Professor Directing Thesis; Thomas Joiner, Committee Member; Chris Schatschneider, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
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Host Institution: FSU

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Lopez, C. M. (2006). Assessment of Children's Response Styles: An Examination of Sex Differences, Stress Interactions, and Depressive Symptoms. Retrieved from