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Methane Emission and Oxidation Through Landfill Covers

Title: Methane Emission and Oxidation Through Landfill Covers.
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Name(s): Yuan, Lei, author
Abichou, Tarek, professor directing dissertation
Chanton, Jeffrey, outside committee member
Tawfiq, Kamal, committee member
Ping, Wei-Chou V., committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2006
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This dissertation presents the work of investigating methane emission and oxidation through landfill covers. Methane as a major source of greenhouse and is being emitted from solid waste landfill at a tremendous rates. These emissions could be mitigated by methanotrophic bacteria in enriched and non-enriched soil covers. Compost biofilters were constructed to study the methane oxidation capacity of compost. The aged chipped yard waste compost was obtained from Leon County landfill (Florida, USA). A one-dimensional dynamical numerical model was developed to simulate the methane transport and oxidation through the biofilter. This model was designed to incorporate dynamic parameters and use flux bottom boundary, which is measured by a flow meter. General agreements of methane outflux and oxidations were obtained between model simulation and experimental data. Field scale control cells and biocells were evaluated in the same landfill for methane emission and oxidation. Methane oxidation in biocells was significantly higher than in control cells. When outliers were removed, methane emission from biocells was significant less than from control cells. A numerical model was developed to separate blockage of the thicker biocells cover and the biological oxidation. Results showed that the low emission from biocells is caused by blockage of soil cover underneath the compost cover as well the high oxidation capacity of this compost cover. An additional modeling investigation was conducted to evaluate how landfill final earthen cover's construction and climate conditions affect methane emission and oxidation under different boundary condition and different soil oxidation capacities. This numerical model combined a water and heat flow model (HYDRUS1D) and a gas transport and oxidation model. Simulations showed that soil covers in subhumid areas can prevent high methane emission with blockage and decent oxidation capacity. In semi-arid sites, higher emission was obtained due to the higher air filled void space of the soil. Oxidation capacities in semi-arid sites are higher than those in subhumid sites since influxes of methane are higher in semiarid sites. High pressure underneath the cover caused higher emission in all sites. Even with active gas collection system (vacuum pressure), emissions were significant in semiarid climates.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0919 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2006.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: November 3, 2006.
Keywords: Model, Oxidation, Methane, Emission, Landfill Cover
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Tarek Abichou, Professor Directing Dissertation; Jeffrey Chanton, Outside Committee Member; Kamal Tawfiq, Committee Member; Wei-Chou V. Ping, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0919
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Yuan, L. (2006). Methane Emission and Oxidation Through Landfill Covers. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0919