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Art Therapy with Hospitalized Pediatric Patients

Title: Art Therapy with Hospitalized Pediatric Patients.
Name(s): Wolf Bordonaro, Gaelynn Patricia, author
Rosal, Marcia L., professor directing dissertation
Mazza, Nick, outside committee member
Troeger, Betty Jo, committee member
Anderson, Tom, committee member
Department of Art Education, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2003
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Research in pediatric medical art therapy is comprised largely of case studies. The motivation for this study was to contribute quantitative data to the literature on art therapy with children who experienced hospitalization and medical treatment. The study question focused on the efficacy of art therapy in reducing the anxiety of hospitalized pediatric patients. To address this issue, a subgroup of pediatric patients was selected; a single subject research design was initiated with a homogenous group of 6 to 9 year-old female patients hospitalized for treatment of sickle cell disease. In addition to extensive qualitative narrative, three instruments were utilized: (a) an Anxiety Behavior Schedule, (b) the Children's Health Locus of Control Scale, and (c) the Children's Hope Scale. The intervention phase of the study included art therapy interventions designed to familiarize subjects' with the hospital environment, provide opportunities for control and expression, and respond to subjects' established cognitive structures regarding their medical condition and treatment. The results of the study support the efficacy of art therapy in two very important ways: First, all of the subjects demonstrated reduced externality of locus of control following art therapy intervention. Second, the observable anxiety data on subject 2 definitively confirmed reduction in anxiety due to art therapy intervention, with statistical significance established at the .05 level. Finally, one subject's subsequent hospitalization provided the opportunity to collect follow-up data; this data confirmed that the reduction in anxiety behaviors resulting from the art therapy protocol was sustained over time. Extensive qualitative narratives of the subjects' experiences were provided. Implications for future practice and further research are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0849 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Art Education in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Fall Semester 2003.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: November 10, 2003.
Keywords: Pediatrics, Arts In Medicine, Psychological Well-Being, Sickle Cell Disease, Art Therapy, Pediatric Patients
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Marcia L. Rosal, Professor Directing Dissertation; Nick Mazza, Outside Committee Member; Betty Jo Troeger, Committee Member; Tom Anderson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Arts -- Study and teaching
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

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Wolf Bordonaro, G. P. (2003). Art Therapy with Hospitalized Pediatric Patients. Retrieved from