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Children's Response Styles and Risk for Depression and Anxiety

Title: Children's Response Styles and Risk for Depression and Anxiety: Developmental and Sex Differences.
Name(s): Driscoll, Kimberly Ann, author
Kistner, Janet, professor directing dissertation
Prevatt, Frances, outside committee member
Joiner, Thomas, committee member
Kelley, Colleen, committee member
Loney, Bryan, committee member
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive relationship of response styles (i.e., rumination and distraction) to depression and anxiety in children and to test the hypothesis that response styles explain the emergence of sex differences in depression in adolescence. Children in the 2nd through 7th grade completed questionnaires that measure response styles, depressive and anxious symptoms, and stressors. The reliability and validity of a response styles questionnaire, designed specifically for children, was established through multisample confirmatory factor analysis, and by examining the internal consistency, retest reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the measure. The predictive association between response styles and depressive symptoms was examined and the diathesis–stress model was tested by examining the moderating effects of stress on the relationship between rumination and changes in depressive and anxious symptoms. Results revealed that rumination and distraction were positively and significantly correlated, suggesting that they are not orthogonal in nature. In addition, results revealed that rumination predicted both depressive and anxious symptoms, and that 6th/7th grade girls ruminated more than same aged boys. Stress did not moderate the relationship between response styles and anxiety. In contrast, the interaction between rumination and stress predicted later depression; however, the direction of the interaction was inconsistent with the prediction of the theory. Implications for the downward extension of response styles to children are discussed.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0666 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: July 8, 2004.
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Response Styles, Children
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Janet Kistner, Professor Directing Dissertation; Frances Prevatt, Outside Committee Member; Thomas Joiner, Committee Member; Colleen Kelley, Committee Member; Bryan Loney, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Driscoll, K. A. (2005). Children's Response Styles and Risk for Depression and Anxiety: Developmental and Sex Differences. Retrieved from