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Environmental Impact Assessment of Transportation Projects

Title: Environmental Impact Assessment of Transportation Projects: An Analysis Using an Integrated GIS, Remote Sensing, and Spatial Modeling Approach.
Name(s): El-Gafy, Mohamed Anwar, author
AbdelRazig, Yassir A., professor directing dissertation
Zahn, Douglas A., outside committee member
Sobanjo, John O., committee member
Mussa, Renatus N., committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Transportation projects will have impact on the environment. The general environmental pollution and damage caused by roads is closely associated with the level of economic activity. Although Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are dependent on geo-spatial information in order to make an assessment, there are no rules per se how to conduct an environmental assessment. Also, the particular objective of each assessment is dictated case-by-case, based on what information and analyses are required. The conventional way of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study is a time consuming process because it has large number of dependent and independent variables which have to be taken into account, which also have different consequences. With the emergence of satellite remote sensing technology and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), this research presents a new framework for the analysis phase of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for transportation projects based on the integration between remote sensing technology, geographic information systems, and spatial modeling. By integrating the merits of the map overlay method and the matrix method, the framework analyzes comprehensively the environmental vulnerability around the road and its impact on the environment. This framework is expected to:1) improve the quality of the decision making process, 2) be applied both to urban and inter-urban projects, regardless of transport mode, and 3) present the data and make the appropriate analysis to support the decision of the decision-makers and allow them to present these data to the public hearings in a simple manner. Case studies, transportation projects in the State of Florida, were analyzed to illustrate the use of the decision support framework and demonstrate its capabilities. This cohesive and integrated system will facilitate rational decisions through costeffective coordination of environmental information and data management that can be tailored to specific projects. The framework would facilitate collecting, organizing, analyzing, archiving, and coordinating the information and data necessary to support technical and policy transportation decisions.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0580 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: March 25, 2005.
Keywords: Environment, Transportation, GIS, Remote Sensing
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Yassir A. AbdelRazig, Professor Directing Dissertation; Douglas A. Zahn, Outside Committee Member; John O. Sobanjo, Committee Member; Renatus N. Mussa, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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El-Gafy, M. A. (2005). Environmental Impact Assessment of Transportation Projects: An Analysis Using an Integrated GIS, Remote Sensing, and Spatial Modeling Approach. Retrieved from