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Effect of High Groundwater Level on Pavement Subgrade Performance

Title: The Effect of High Groundwater Level on Pavement Subgrade Performance.
Name(s): Zhang, Chaohan, author
Ping, W. Virgil, professor directing dissertation
Niu, Xufeng, outside committee member
Hilton, Amy Chan, committee member
Abichou, Tarek, committee member
Abdullah, Makola, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: High groundwater table exerts detrimental effects on the roadway base and the whole pavement. Base clearance guidelines have been developed to prevent water from entering the pavement system in order to reduce its detrimental effects. This dissertation presents an experimental study to evaluate the effects of high groundwater and the moisture on determining pavement base clearance for granular subgrades. Full-scale in-lab and test-pit tests were conducted to simulate pavement profile and vehicle dynamic impact on the pavement. Eight types of granular subgrades were tested for this study. From the test, using layer theory, the results of the resilient modulus for each layer (layer resilient modulus) can be compared with the resilient modulus results from laboratory test. Multiple regression model will be established to predict soil resilient modulus without doing resilient modulus test. The dominant factor or factors of the effect of moisture to resilient modulus will be discussed. The results showed that a 24-inch base clearance was considered adequate for the base protection of most A-3 and A-2 subgrades against high groundwater tables. The lab resilient modulus and layer resilient modulus have the same trend for each soil according to the moisture content change. The SR-70 A-2-4 (14% fines) soil was the most susceptible to the change of groundwater table than the other soils. The percent of fines or the percent of clays of subgrade soil is not good indicator to measure the influence of moisture effect on the resilient modulus. The coefficient of uniformity and coefficient of curvature of the subgrade gradations, which better represent the whole shape of the gradation curve, are better indicators of the effect of moisture to modulus.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0545 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: June 18, 2004.
Keywords: Moisture Content, Soil, Subgrade, Resilient Modulus
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: W. Virgil Ping, Professor Directing Dissertation; Xufeng Niu, Outside Committee Member; Amy Chan Hilton, Committee Member; Tarek Abichou, Committee Member; Makola Abdullah, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Zhang, C. (2004). The Effect of High Groundwater Level on Pavement Subgrade Performance. Retrieved from