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Bio-Reactive Landfill Covers

Title: Bio-Reactive Landfill Covers: An Inexpensive Approach to Mitigate Methane Emissions.
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Name(s): Escoriaza, Sharon Czarina, author
Abichou, Tarek, professor directing thesis
Chanton, Jeff, committee member
Chan-Hilton, Amy, committee member
Powelson, Dave, committee member
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Methane is one of two primary gases produced from the decomposition of landfill waste. Studies have been directed to collection and mitigation of methane gas. In small landfills, collection is not an economically feasible solution. Bio-cover placement is an inexpensive approach to mitigating methane emissions. The enhancing of oxidation processes by placement of bio-covers will reduce emissions even while gas extraction is employed and improve aesthetic quality of solid waste facilities. The overall objective of the research is to mitigate methane emissions from landfills. To reach this objective, a test site was selected to evaluate the effects of compost placement over a closed landfill. The static chamber technique was used to estimate methane emissions and the stable isotope tracing method was used to determine oxidation rates. Hot spots were identified in the grid area and emissions at these spots were analyzed more in detail. Results obtained during the first year of the study are presented in this thesis. In these investigative efforts, it was noted that moisture content plays a significant role in controlling emissions and oxidation. At high water contents, low flux emissions were measured observed and at low water contents, emissions were higher. Oxidation rates varied in much the same way. High water contents corresponded with low oxidation rates and vise versa. Further study on the effects of moisture content and other variables on flux emission and oxidation is warranted.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0520 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: February 21, 2005.
Keywords: Bio-Reactive Covers, Landfill, Methane Emissions, Mitigation, Oxidation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Tarek Abichou, Professor Directing Thesis; Jeff Chanton, Committee Member; Amy Chan-Hilton, Committee Member; Dave Powelson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Civil engineering
Environmental engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0520
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Escoriaza, S. C. (2005). Bio-Reactive Landfill Covers: An Inexpensive Approach to Mitigate Methane Emissions. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0520