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Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Observations

Title: Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Observations.
Name(s): Shao, Hui, author
Zou, Xiaolei, professor directing dissertation
Navon, Ionel M., outside committee member
Liu, Guosheng, committee member
Ray, Peter S., committee member
Krishnamurti, T. N., committee member
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Unlike conventional and satellite observations, the Global Positioning System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) techniques provide all-weather, high-vertical-resolution observations that require no calibration. In this dissertation, the assimilation of GPS RO data is studied using the National Centers for Environmental prediction (NCEP) three dimensional variational analysis system. Three GPS data assimilation choices are considered and compared. A set of GPS bending angle assimilation (BA) experiments is first carried out and sensitivity of BA results to the observational weighting, the quality of the background fields, the variation of the gravity, and the vertical resolution of the GPS data are investigated. The GPS local refractivity assimilation (REF) is then conducted and compared with BA. Although REF is computationally cheaper than BA, the bias and root mean square errors of the background fields are more significantly reduced by BA than REF. Differences between GPS refractivity and bending angle assimilations are larger in thick-layered cloud systems (e.g., convective clouds in the mid-latitudes and cumulus clouds in the tropics) than in thin clouds and clear sky, which are found to be associated with the strength of horizontal gradient of the atmospheric refractivity. Aiming at achieving both accuracy and computational efficiency, a new observation operator that simulates the GPS excess phase delay is proposed and tested for GPS RO data assimilation. Using the excess phase delay, the along-track refractivity and refractivity gradient information can be included while the computational cost is kept low. Numerical results from the forward simulation and data assimilation using the excess phase delay (PHA) are compared with those of REF. PHA tends to produce a warmer and wetter model atmosphere, with finer structures and larger radii of influence than REF. Compared to GPS observations, simulations and analyses produced by PHA are more accurate than those of REF. It is also pointed out that under the assumption of the spherical symmetry of the local refractivity, the observation operator for the excess phase delay simplifies into a point scheme in which only a vertical profile of model refractivity is required.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0301 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Meteorology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: November 10, 2005.
Keywords: Numerical Modelling, Data Assimilation, GPS, Radio Occultation
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Xiaolei Zou, Professor Directing Dissertation; Ionel M. Navon, Outside Committee Member; Guosheng Liu, Committee Member; Peter S. Ray, Committee Member; T. N. Krishnamurti, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Oceanography
Atmospheric sciences
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

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Shao, H. (2005). Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Observations. Retrieved from