You are here

Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Hematological Markers and Exercise Performance

Title: The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Hematological Markers and Exercise Performance.
39 views
7 downloads
Name(s): Austin, Krista G., author
Haymes, Emily M., professor directing dissertation
Eckel, Lisa, outside committee member
Panton, Lynn, committee member
Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Science, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2005
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the erythropoietic response to intermittent hypoxic exposure (IHE) vs. intermittent hypoxic training (IHT). A secondary purpose was to assess the effects of IHE and IHT on time trial performance (TT), maximal oxygen carrying capacity (VO2max), and submaximal exercise capacity. Six cyclists and three triathletes participated in two experimental normobaric hypoxic trials (IHE and IHT) and a control (CTR) period of 28 days. The two experimental normobaric hypoxic trials were a completed at 14.4% O2 concentration (3,000m) and consisted of: 1) a resting passive exposure in a seated position (IHE) and 2) cycling exercise at ~60-70% of heart rate reserve. Assessment of erythropoietin (Epo), free testosterone (FT) hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), reticulocytes (Rct), serum iron (SI), total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin recptor (sTfr), ferritin (SF), total plasma proteins (TPP), and plasma osmolality (Posm) was taken 1 day prior to the start of each experimental trial and control period, and on days 1, 5, 14, 28 and 1 day after each of these periods for all participants. Evaluation of VO2max, power output at the lactate threshold (LT), submaximal exercise capacity (oxygen uptake [VO2], ventilation rate [Ve], heart rate [HR], arterial oxgen saturation [SaO2] and blood lactate [HLa]) and TT was completed before and after each 28 day period. Results of a 3 x 6 ANOVA for measures of Epo, Hb, Hct, Rct, SI, TIBC, sTfr, SF, TPP and Posm did not demonstrate any significant trial by time interactions. A significant interaction between time and trial for FT was found; however, results of a one-way ANOVA conducted for each condition did not reveal any significant effects for IHE, IHT or CTR. A main effect for time was demonstrated for SF; however, results of a one-way ANOVA revealed no significant differences between time points when multiple comparisons were corrected utilizing the Bonferroni procedure. Results of a 3 x 2 ANOVA for measures of performance did not reveal any significant trial by time interactions for VO2max, LT, submaximal VO2, HR, Ve and SaO2. A significant trial by time interaction was found for HLa at 30 minutes of exercise. HLa was significantly lower following IHT when compared to pre-exposure values. A significant main effect for condition was demonstrated at 30 minutes for SaO2. SaO2 was significantly lower during the IHE condition when compared to IHT. A significant trial by time interaction was found for TT. TT was significantly faster following IHT when compared to pre-exposure times. Significant main effects for time were found for LT, maximal heart rate and maximal HLa at 0, 2 and 10 minutes post exercise. The LT was significantly higher in the post time period when compared to pretesting values. Maximal heart rate and HLa at 0, 2 and 10 minutes in the post time period were significantly lower when compared to pre testing values. Further statistical analysis of the variables of Hb, Hct, LT, VO2max, TT and submaximal exercise performance was performed on those individuals who maintained an SaO2
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0260 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Science in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2005.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: June 20, 2005.
Keywords: Erythropoiesis, Intermittent Hypoxia, Performance
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Emily M. Haymes, Professor Directing Dissertation; Lisa Eckel, Outside Committee Member; Lynn Panton, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Food
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0260
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Austin, K. G. (2005). The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Hematological Markers and Exercise Performance. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0260